ORA-27154 ORA-27300 ORA-27301 ORA-27302 from Instance Startup

Always make sure “kernel.sem = SEMMSL SEMMNS SEMOPM SEMMNI” set-up correctly to avoid issues.

The following errors occurred while starting up a Oracle database instance.

SQL> startup

ORA-27154: post/wait create failed
ORA-27300: OS system dependent operation:semget failed with status: 28
ORA-27301: OS failure message: No space left on device
ORA-27302: failure occurred at: sskgpcreates

The error “operation:semget failed with status: 28” points out that it could be semaphore resource issue.

Oracle doc recommended minimum value for semaphore are :

SEMMSL - max semaphores per array
SEMMNS - max semaphores system wide
SEMOPM - max ops per semop call
SEMMNI - max number of arrays

semmsl  =   250
semmns  = 32000
semopm  =   100
semmni  =   128

Check current system configuration for semaphores:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/sem
250 32000 100 200

$ ipcs -ls

------ Semaphore Limits --------
max semaphores per array   = 250
max semaphores system wide = 32000
max ops per semop call     = 100
max number of arrays       = 200
semaphore max value        = 32767

We can see SEMMNS is not right. it is supposed to be equal to SEMMSL*SEMMNI =250*200=50000.

If  SEMMNS  value too small, then we have to increase SEMMNI first, then adjust SEMMNS to SEMMSL*SEMMNI.

Set semaphore kernel parameter dynamically without the need for server reboot:

# sysctl -w kernel.sem="250 50000 100 200"
kernel.sem = 250 50000 100 200

-- Put into file
cat /etc/sysctl.conf | grep kernel.sem
kernel.sem = 250 50000 100 200

Or put into /etc/sysctl.conf file first, then

# sysctl -p

Then verify the current semaphore configurations:

# ipcs -ls

------ Semaphore Limits --------
max number of arrays       = 200
max semaphores per array   = 250
max semaphores system wide = 50000
max ops per semop call     = 100
semaphore max value        = 32767

Finally start up instance successfully.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 4294967296 bytes
Fixed Size 8801008 bytes
Variable Size 1073743120 bytes
Database Buffers 3187671040 bytes
Redo Buffers 24752128 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: