Privileges Consideration when Refresh Oracle Schema

When DBA refreshes an Oracle schema or objects, privileges should be taken care carefully , specially for long time running complex environment.

After dropping a schema, all the granted privileges will be lost. So before refresh, DBA should record all the privileges granted to users, roles, etc.

Export a Schema from Source Database

$ expdp Username/Password directory=  dumpfile= logfile= SCHEMAS= FLASHBACK_TIME=systimestamp

Record / Extract the Granted Privileges

Granted Column Privileges

SQL> select * from dba_col_privs where GRANTOR='SCHEMANAME';

Here ‘SCHEMANAME’ is the schema to be refreshed.

Granted Objects Privileges

 SQL>select GRANTEE,OWNER||'.'||TABLE_NAME,GRANTOR,PRIVILEGE,GRANTABLE from dba_tab_privs where GRANTOR ='SCHEMANAME';

Other privileges you may be interested from following views:

  • User_role_privs, dba_role_privs ( Users granted with with roles )
  • User_sys_privs, dba_sys_privs
  • Role_role_privs, role_sys_privs, role_tab_privs
  • Session_privs, session_roles

Refresh Schema

Drop Schema Objects

 SQL> select 'drop '||object_type|| ' '||owner||'.'||object_name ||' ;' from dba_objects where owner='SCHEMANAME';

Import Schema by Data Pump

$ impdp username/password directory= dumpfile= logfile= schemas=sourceschemaname remap_schema= remap_tablespace=

Fix Invalid Objects

Fix all invalid objects, check all synonyms, etc

Collect Stats

SQL>EXECUTE DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS(ownname =>'SCHEMANAME');

ORA-39142: incompatible version number 4.2 in dump file

The following errors occur when running impdp on same database version 12.1.0.2 as the source database:

ORA-39001: invalid argument value
ORA-39000: bad dump file specification
ORA-39142: incompatible version number 4.2 in dump file "/tmp/exp_tables.dmp"

SOLUTION

  • Apply patches to the same patch level for both source and target database.

OR

  • Use parameter VERSION.
$ expdp  ... VERSION=12.1 ...

Data Pump Import Job is Hanging at SCHEMA_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER

Oracle database 12.1 data pump impdp job is hanging like below:

...
..
.
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/FUNCTIONAL_INDEX/INDEX_STATISTICS
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER

Subscribe to get access

Read more of this content when you subscribe today.