High Swap Usage On Oracle Database Server

SITUATION

When investigating into client’s Oracle database performance issue, we found the swap space usage is constantly very high on this Linux server.

OS: RHEL 7.3
DB: Oracle 12.2.0.1

FINDINGS

1)top
Tasks: 352 total, 2 running, 350 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
Cpu(s): 13.4%us, 4.1%sy, 0.0%ni, 79.3%id, 2.2%wa, 0.3%hi, 0.8%si, 0.0%st
Mem: 32172820k total, 32015956k used, 156864k free, 14528k buffers
Swap: 16777208k total, 7435428k used, 9341780k free, 11129844k cached

PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ COMMAND
137049 oracle 15 0 16.2g 5.3g 5.3g S 20.6 17.4 10:14.17 oracle
 72457 oracle 15 0 16.2g 4.7g 4.7g S 15.3 15.3 10:50.15 oracle
...
..
.
2) pmap
$ pmap -x 137049
137049: oracleRACTEST1 (LOCAL=NO)
Address          Kbytes   RSS     Dirty Mode Mapping
0000000000400000 96356    11704   0     r-x-- oracle
0000000006419000 444      140     4     rwx-- oracle
0000000006488000 148      100     80    rwx-- [ anon ]
000000001966e000 532      176     92    rwx-- [ anon ]
0000000060000000 16779264 5444888 1485768 rwxs- [ shmid=0x670005 ]
00000032b6a00000 112      108     0     r-x-- ld-2.5.so
00000032b6c1c000 4        0       0     r-x-- ld-2.5.so
...
..
.
00007fff4c504000 160 136 132 rwx-- [ stack ]
00007fff4c5d2000 12 4 0 r-x-- [ anon ]
ffffffffff600000 8192 0 0 ----- [ anon ]
---------------- ------ ------ ------
total kB 16954204 5477952 1490448
3) swappiness
$ cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness
10

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